Rhinoceros Physical Characteristics
There is no denying the size of the Rhinoceros when you take a look at its anatomy. They will weigh more than 1 ton when they are fully grown, except sumatran rhino. Depending on the species and the location though the animal can weigh twice that much. They have a body that is covered with thick skin that protects the body from sunlight and danger in the wild. Even though the skin is thick they are susceptible to sunburn and to insect bites.
This is why they find shady areas during the day. The Indian Rhinoceros has folds in the body that offer it an appearance that is very similar to a coat of armor. This is going to offer it more protection and make it less vulnerable in the sunlight than for other species of Rhinoceros.
There are thin hairs on the body of the Rhinoceros but you won’t see them unless you look at them up close. The Sumatran Rhinoceros has more hair than the others though due to the place where they live.
They can range in size from 3 ½ feet to 5 feet tall. One might think that with such a huge body that they aren’t able to move fast. However, they can run up to 30 miles per hour for short distances. They can attack at that speed which is why they pose a huge risk to humans, other animals, and even to each other. They are able to move with agility and to turn into tight spaces. The anatomy of their body is phenomenal in the fact that they do have such abilities.
They have very short legs but they are very powerful. They are able to hold up the bulk of the body that is the torso area. These animals also have very good balance which is strange for such a large creature. They have a design that works very well for them.
They also have a horn in the middle of their forehead. Some species have two horns rather than just one. The horn has no bone structure as it is made from keratin. This is a type of protein that is found in the body. Humans have keratin too and that is what helps them to grow hair and nails. For the Rhinoceros the older they are the larger that horn will become due to the growth from the keratin.
The African Rhinoceros hasn’t teeth in the front. They have flat molars on the sides and in the back where they will chew the food. They have a very large head with small ears. They have great senses when it comes to smell and to hearing but they lack good vision.
On the back of the neck you will see a large hump. It becomes larger as the Rhinoceros gets older. This is called the ligament and it will help to support the head. Some species including the White Rhinoceros have one that is much more dominant than other species.
The anatomy of a Rhinoceros is designed to help them survive in the wild. There is no doubt that their size combined with their power has been a driving force in their ability to survive through millions of years. There is information to indicate that they have changed in size and shed a large amount of hair through the evolution process to become the animals that we see today.