There are five species of Rhinoceros in the world. Two of them live in Africa with the remaining three living in the Southern portion of Asia. They are well spread out in these areas due to the different habitats that they thrive in. Some Rhinoceros need the tall grasses while others need to have the open woodlands. They all need access to grass, plants, and water though.
The distribution for these animals has shifted many times over the course of history. Are very adaptable and they will go where the sources of food can be found. However, humans are a prime reason why they have to continue to make changes. That is more of a threat now that humans have advanced technology and high power weapons.
The Rhinoceros is very territorial and they create their own home range where they will move around for food and for shade. They need to stay out of the sun as much as possible so that they don’t get a sunburn. They do have thick skin but it is also very sensitive. The span of their territory depends on their size and their location. In many areas they are continually forced to share too small of a space due to human actions.
They will heavy mark their territory with urine and feces as they move around in it. They want to make sure they leave a clear message for others that they are the owner of that area. It is common for territories to overlap though especially with the females. The males tend to have less of a tolerance for that. The males can injure or kill each other though if they end up fighting over distribution areas.
The area where the Rhinoceros is naturally distributed continues to get smaller all the time. This creates huge issues for them as they aren’t able to get enough food. They are also fighting for the same territory because there isn’t enough room for them to spread out. Since they are isolated animals for the most part this close proximity tends to increase stress levels and aggressive behaviors.
There are sanctuaries where the Rhinoceros lives in order to be protected. Most of these places allow for safaris to show the animals in a natural setting. These animals are also found in zoos around the world. The cost of caring for them though is very high and so they are found in limited numbers in captivity. It is also very expensive to create an environment where they are comfortable but that is also safe for humans to be around them.
Some of the efforts to save the future for the Rhinoceros involves their distribution. By carefully studying habitats where they once thrived they can be introduced to those areas again. This time with laws in place to protect them from poachers that destroyed them in those regions. This type of effort is time consuming and very costly.
In order to move the Rhinoceros and redistribute them they have to be tranquilized. They can be moved with the help of many people as well as equipment. They seem to be doing well in these areas but there is also the factor that they have to create their own social structure in these areas.
Learning all we can about the Rhinoceros and their distribution is an important part of helping them. Understanding where they used to live and removing the barriers that prevent them from thriving there is very important. A lack of location is a huge problem that prevents these animals from being able to increase their numbers.